Ecosystem Conservation and Restoration
Rapid urbanization in Seoul since the 1970’s, caused either fragmentation or a complete loss of green spaces such as forests, streams, and wetlands within the city. This resulted in a reduction of natural habitat and a sharp decrease in the city’s biodiversity. Many species of animals and plants which were once readily found, such as swallows, frogs, and aquatic plants, are now rare. However, the advent of the popularly-elected local government in 1996 has led to eff orts to conserve the remaining ecosystems and attempts have been made to enhance biodiversity by restoring damaged habitats.