The renewed Decision and its updated Plan of Action on engagement with subnational governments, cities and other local authorities to enhance implementation of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework, was adopted by the Parties at the COP15 Plenary Session on Monday 19 December 2022 in Montreal. This significant gain for our constituency of subnational and local governments was further enhanced with the adoption of several Decisions, ranging from capacity building and development and scientific and technical cooperation; the monitoring framework; communication; and mechanisms for planning, monitoring, reporting and review, that recognize the role and contribution of subnational and local governments in meeting the objectives of the CBD. This includes recognition in the Kunming-Montreal GBF of our constituency’s contribution in catalyzing urgent and transformative action, and inclusion of the multilevel concept of ‘whole of government’ in section C, targets 13 and 14 and a dedicated urban target, target 12:
Significantly increase the area and quality and connectivity of, access to, and benefits from green and blue spaces in urban and densely populated areas sustainably, by mainstreaming the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and ensure biodiversity-inclusive urban planning, enhancing native biodiversity, ecological connectivity and integrity, and improving human health and well-being and connection to nature and contributing to inclusive and sustainable urbanization and the provision of ecosystem functions and services.
Read the L.22 document that is the Decision on Engagement with subnational governments, cities and other local authorities to enhance implementation of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework.
The strong support for multilevel governance expressed by a growing number of Parties since the start of the negotiations on the GBF is encouraging. Local and subnational governments are ‘in the room’ and have shown that they are ready, able, and – as illustrated by the CitiesWithNature and RegionsWithNature partnership initiatives – already taking action to bend the curve on biodiversity loss and restore life sustaining ecosystems.
COP15 was an historic event and has seen the adoption of an ambitious package that includes the Kunming-Montreal GBF with decisions on capacity building, resource mobilization and mechanisms for planning, monitoring, reporting and review. Subnational and local governments are central to the successful implementation of this ambitious new package in bringing about transformation change.