Mainstreaming Biodiversity for Urban and Regional Development
23-24 November 2018 • An official parallel event to the CBD COP 14, Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt
The conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are critically important at the local and subnational level. Biodiversity and ecosystem services are essential for the well-being of growing urban populations, and the decisions that cities, states and other local and subnational governments take can have major impacts on biodiversity. Thus, local and subnational governments are key actors for the achievement of the objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).
ICLEI, in partnership with the Secretariat of the Convention and the national and subnational hosts of the Conferences of the Parties (COPs) to the Convention on Biological Diversity, have been convening Global Biodiversity Summits as parallel events at CBD COPs since 2008. The Summits provide an important platform for national governments to engage with their local and subnational peers on their pivotal and increasingly recognized contribution in achieving the objectives of the Convention and its 2011-2020 Strategic Plan. Outcomes of past summits have included concrete commitments and declarations, such as the Quintana Roo Communiqué on Mainstreaming Local and Subnational Biodiversity Action, welcomed by Parties at the closing plenary of the CBD COP 13 in Cancun, Mexico, in December 2016.
The 6th Global Biodiversity Summit of Local and Subnational Governments will be held in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, in parallel to COP 14, on 23 and 24 November 2018. The Summit will accelerate and further enable the mobilization of local and subnational governments to contribute to the achievement of the global Aichi Biodiversity Targets. It will also provide a platform for discussing the role of local and subnational governments in the post-2020 global biodiversity framework. Taking place in Africa, the Summit will give special attention to the challenges of urbanization in the region.
The 6th Global Summit will be organized by ICLEI’s Cities Biodiversity Center, with the cooperation of the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (SCBD) and the Network of Regional Governments for Sustainable Development (nrg4SD). It will be convened by the South Sinai Governorate, Egypt, as an official parallel event to the UN Biodiversity Conference, and H.E. the Governor of South Sinai will serve as its official chair.
The Governorate of South Sinai encompasses the southern part of the Sinai Peninsula in the east of the Arab Republic of Egypt. The Red Sea surrounds the Governorate to the south, while the interior of South Sinai has an arid climate and majestic, mountainous terrain. It has a relatively low population, of which more than half reside in urban areas. South Sinai is also renowned for its geographic and historical sites, and it is an important tourism destination. Internationally, it is often known for landmarks such as Mount Sinai, the UNESCO World Heritage site of Saint Catherine’s Monastery, as well as for the beauty and biodiversity of the Red Sea.
ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability was founded in 1990 and is the leading global network of 1,500+ cities, towns and regions committed to building a sustainable future. Through our collective efforts, we impact more than 25 percent of the global urban population.
ICLEI’s Cities Biodiversity Center (CBC) is located in Cape Town, South Africa, embedded in the Africa Regional Office of ICLEI. ICLEI CBC seeks local solutions to the complex issues surrounding natural capital and the degradation of ecosystem services in a rapidly urbanizing world. It recognizes the crucial role that cities and local governments play in the pursuit of a sustainable future through efficiently mainstreaming biodiversity and nature-based solutions into urban development and planning at the local level. ICLEI CBC offers cities a broad portfolio of supportive services through our dedicated team of passionate, skilled and dynamic biodiversity and urban development experts.
The Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity was established to support the goals of the Convention. Its principal functions are to prepare for, and service, meetings of the Conferences of the Parties (COP) and other subsidiary bodies of the Convention, and to coordinate with relevant international bodies.
As a neutral organization staffed by international civil servants, the Secretariat is accountable to the COP and its subsidiary bodies and carries out those tasks that fall under its associated mandate. The Secretariat is institutionally linked to UN Environment, its host institution. Its head, the Executive Secretary, is appointed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations in consultation with the COP through its Bureau.
The Secretariat assists and provides administrative support to the COP, the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice and other Convention bodies. It represents the day-to-day focal point for the Convention, organizes all meetings under the Convention, prepares background documentation for those meeting and facilitates the flow of authoritative information on the implementation of the Convention. Compiling national reports on compliance by domestic authorities, elaborating technical reports and synthesis of the national reports and information on implementation, or assisting Parties in their activities, the Secretariat also acts as information clearing house.
The Network of Regional Governments for Sustainable Development – nrg4SD – is a global association that solely represents regional governments in the international agendas on climate change, biodiversity and sustainable development. It was established in 2002, at the World Summit in Johannesburg, and today has over 50 members from 26 countries in 4 continents. The nrg4SD serves as the voice of regional governments at UN negotiations, European Union initiatives and global discussions, advocating for recognition and engagement of regional governments. It facilitates cooperation projects and promotes expertise exchange, capacity building and knowledge transfer.
In the field of biodiversity, the nrg4SD coordinates the Advisory Committee of Subnational Governments within the Global Partnership on Local and Subnational Action for Biodiversity, created by decision X/22 of the Nagoya Protocol. The Advisory Committee gathers worldwide regional governments with biodiversity leadership, and operates as official communication platform to convey contributions from regional governments to the CBD and its Parties. In addition, the nrg4SD leads the Regions for Biodiversity Learning Platform, a biodiversity flagship initiative launched at the fringe of CBD COP 13 and officially recognised and supported by the CBD. The Regions for Biodiversity Learning Platform aims at supporting subnational efforts in the conservation and protection of biodiversity by fostering learning, exchanges and peer reviews towards the implementation at subnational level of the CBD and the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.
Summit theme and objectives
Mainstreaming biodiversity into planning processes and economic sectors will be a significant agenda item of the Summit, as well as COP 14, its High-Level Segment and the parallel Business and Biodiversity Forum.
The 6th Global Biodiversity Summit will link closely with, and promote the mainstreaming themes of COP 14 in cities and regions, with a specific focus on sustainable infrastructure, low carbon development & energy solutions, and healthy cities, healthy people. Other cross-cutting issues covered will be the coordination and vertical alignment of biodiversity strategies and action plans across levels of government, as well as the mitigation of the foreseen impacts of urban expansion on biodiversity, through incorporating ecosystems and their services into urban planning and design.
The Summit will further:
- Update and expand on the projects and high-level initiatives announced at the 5th Summit.
- Strengthen coordination and collaboration between horizontal and vertical levels of government on implementing the Aichi biodiversity Targets and the Strategic Plan; also building on the newly released ICLEI/SCBD Guidelines for an Integrated Approach in the Development and Implementation of National, Subnational and Local Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans; as well as the results of the nrg4SD Regions4Biodiversity Learning Platform and the Group of Leading Subnational Governments toward Aichi Biodiversity Targets led by Aichi Prefecture.
- Showcase how subnational and local governments mainstream biodiversity across economic sectors selected by CBD Parties, such as tourism, agriculture, fisheries, aquaculture, energy, mining, infrastructure, manufacturing and distribution, and health.
- Call for new projects and multilateral announcements, including the Natural Systems and Sustainable Cities initiative and associated assessments, and the new global CitiesWithNature initiative, as well as the contributions and announcements of the Advisory Committee of Subnational Governments coordinated by nrg4SD.
- Announce a ‘roadmap’ of activities towards CBD COP 15 and beyond, particularly on urban and subnational contributions to the post-2020 global biodiversity framework.